Mangrove Alliance for Climate (MAC)
Launch of MAC at COP27
The launch of the Mangrove Alliance for Climate (MAC) for the conservation of mangroves with cross-boundary cooperation to meet the intentional climate goals, was held on the sidelines of the ongoing COP27 at Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt.
The Union Minister for Environment and Climate Change, Shri Bhupendra Yadav spoke at the launch of the event.
He said that India has committed in its NDC to create an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030.
Creating new carbon sinks from mangrove afforestation and reducing emissions from mangrove deforestation are two possible ways for countries to meet their NDC (Nationally Determined Contribution)
Mangroves are found in 123 countries, distributed in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world.
Mangroves account for 3% of carbon sequestration by the world’s tropical forests.
Mangrove forests serve as a nursery for several organisms, mitigate coastal erosion, sequester carbon and provide the livelihood of millions of people.
To sustain the blue economy, it is necessary to ensure the sustainability of coastal habitats, most importantly mangroves for tropical nations at local, regional and international levels.
India is home to one of the largest mangrove forests of the world – Sunderbans which supports an exceptional level of biodiversity in both the terrestrial and marine environments, it has a wide range of flora and fauna including the Bengal Tiger and other threatened species such as the estuarine crocodile and the Indian python.
There is a significant increase observed in mangrove cover in India in its Andaman region; Sundarbans region; and Gujarat region.
As per the ISFR (India State of Forest Report) 2021, the mangrove cover in the country has increased by 17 sq. km. in 2021 as compared to the mangrove cover assessed in 2019.
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