Quiz Questions 19 December 2022


Quiz Questions 19 December 2022


Q1. Consider the following statements about Fundamental Rights:

They promote the idea of social and economic democracy.

They are sacrosanct and permanent.

Most of them are directly enforceable while a few are enforced by a law made by the parliament and state legislatures.

Which of the above statement is/are incorrect?

1 only

1, 2

2, 3

1, 2, 3

Solution:

(D)

Fundamental Rights are not absolute and subject to reasonable restrictions.

Further, they are not sacrosanct and can be curtailed or repealed by the Parliament through a constitutional amendment act.

They promote the idea of political democracy.

DPSP promote the idea of social and economic democracy.

Most of them are directly enforceable (self-executory) while a few of them can be enforced on the basis of a law made for giving effect to them.

Such a law can be made only by the Parliament and not by state legislatures so that uniformity throughout the country is maintained (Article 35).


Q2. Which of the following is/are the functions of National Human Rights Commission (NHRC):

To intervene in any proceeding involving allegation of violation of human rights pending before a court.

To undertake and promote research in the field of human rights.

To inquire into any violation of human rights or negligence in the prevention of such violation by a public servant, however, only on a petition presented to it or on an order of a court but not Suo motu.

To visit jails and detention places to study the living conditions of inmates and make recommendation thereon.

Select the correct answer codes:

1, 2, 3

1, 3, 4

1, 2, 4

1, 2, 3, 4

Solution:

(C)

The National Human Rights Commission is a statutory but non-constitutional body.

It was established in 1993 under a legislation enacted by the Parliament, namely, the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993.

The functions of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) are:

To inquire into any violation of human rights or negligence in the prevention of such violation by a public servant, either suo motu or on a petition presented to it or on an order of a court.

To intervene in any proceeding involving allegation of violation of human rights pending before a court.

To visit jails and detention places to study the living conditions of inmates and make recommendation thereon.

To review the constitutional and other legal safeguards for the protection of human rights and recommend measures for their effective implementation.

To review the factors including acts of terrorism that inhibit the enjoyment of human rights and recommend remedial measures.

To study treaties and other international instruments on human rights and make recommendations for their effective implementation.

To undertake and promote research in the field of human rights.

To spread human rights literacy among the people and promote awareness of the safeguards available for the protection of these rights.

To encourage the efforts of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) working in the field of human rights.

To undertake such other functions as it may consider necessary for the promotion of human rights.


Q3. Consider the following statements:

India stood ahead of China in terms of honey production in 2017-18.

Beekeeping Development Committee under the Chairmanship of Bibek Debroy is setup to identify ways of advancing beekeeping in India.

Which of the above statement is/are correct?

1 only

2 only

Both

None

Solution:

(B)

The Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister set up a Beekeeping Development Committee under the Chairmanship of Professor Bibek Debroy

BDC was constituted with the objective of identifying ways of advancing beekeeping in India, that can help in improving agricultural productivity, enhancing employment generation, augmenting nutritional security and sustaining biodiversity.

As per Food and Agricultural Organization database, in 2017-18, India ranked eighth in the world in terms of honey production (64.9 thousand tonnes) while China stood first with a production level of 551 thousand tones.


Q4. Consider the following statements about Utkarsh 2022:

It is a three- year roadmap to improve regulation and supervision of the RBI.

It was finalised by the Ministry of Finance in consultation with the RBI Board.

Which of the above statement is/are correct?

1 only

2 only

Both

None

Solution:

(A)

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) board, finalised a three- year roadmap to improve regulation and supervision, among other functions of the central bank.

This medium-term strategy — named Utkarsh 2022 — is in line with the global central banks’ plan to strengthen the regulatory and supervisory mechanism.

An internal committee was formed, which was anchored by outgoing Deputy Governor Viral Acharya, to identify issues that needed to be addressed over the next three years.


Q5. Tapan Ray Committee, recently seen in news is related to:

To spell out revival plans for Telecom sector.

Review Income-tax Act, 1961.

Review regulatory guidelines applicable to core investment companies (CICs).

None of the above

Solution:

(C)

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has formed a committee headed by Tapan Ray to review regulatory guidelines and supervisory framework applicable to core investment companies (CICs).


Q6. MOSAiC mission, recently seen in news is related to:

Study of Arctic Climate.

Study outer corona of Sun.

First solar power spacecraft to orbit Jupiter.

None of the above

Solution:

(A)

The MOSAiC mission stands for Multidisciplinary drifting Observatory for the Study of Arctic Climate


Q7. Plan Bee, sometimes seen in news is related to:

Prevent speeding trains from hitting elephants crossing tracks

Distribution of honeybee colonies & beehives

Provide loans for setting up honey processing units.

None of the above

Solution:

(A)

The Indian Railways has come up with an initiative called “Plan Bee”to prevent speeding trains from hitting elephants crossing tracks.

The plan involves setting up of devices near tracks, which emit the ‘buzzing’ sound of swarming bees, considered as a natural nemesis of elephants.


Q8. Consider the following statements regarding a separate state flag:

Supreme Court has said that there is no prohibition in the Constitution for the State to have its own flag.

Under the Constitution, a flag is enumerated in the concurrent list.

The Flag Code of India, 2002 does not impose prohibitions on a State flag.

Which of the above statement is/are correct?

1, 2

1 only

1, 3

2, 3

Solution:

(C)

Supreme Court has said that there is no prohibition in the Constitution for the State to have its own flag.

However, the manner in which the state flag is hoisted should not dishonor the national flag.

Under the Constitution, a flag is not enumerated in the Seventh Schedule.

However, Article 51A rules that every citizen shall abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the national flag, and the national anthem.

Even the Flag Code of India, 2002 does not impose prohibitions on a State flag.

The Code expressly authorises the flying of other flags under the condition that they should not be hoisted from the same masthead as the national flag or placed higher than it.


Q9. Consider the following statements regarding constitutional provisions with respect to the Indian citizenship:

No person shall be a citizen of India if he has voluntarily acquired the citizenship of any foreign state.

Union Cabinet headed by the prime minister has the power to make any provision with respect to the acquisition and termination of citizenship and all other matters relating to citizenship.

Which of the above statement is/are correct?

1 only

2 only

Both

None

Solution:

(A)

The constitutional provisions with respect to the citizenship are as follows:

No person shall be a citizen of India or be deemed to be a citizen of India, if he has voluntarily acquired the citizenship of any foreign state (Article 9).

Every person who is or is deemed to be a citizen of India shall continue to be such citizen, subject to the provisions of any law made by Parliament (Article 10).

Parliament shall have the power to make any provision with respect to the acquisition and termination of citizenship and all other matters relating to citizenship (Article 11).


Q10. Consider the following statements regarding ocean temperature distribution:

Thermo cline layer is characterised by rapid decrease in temperature with increasing depth.

In the Arctic and Antartic circles, only one layer of cold water exists, which extends from surface to deep ocean floor.

The highest temperature is recorded at the equator.

Which of the above statement is/are correct?

1, 3

2, 3

1, 2

1 only

Solution:

(C)

The thermo cline layer lies below the first layer and is characterised by rapid decrease in temperature with increasing depth.

In the Arctic and Antarctic circles, the surface water temperatures are close to 0° C and so the temperature change with the depth is very slight.

Here, only one layer of cold water exists, which extends from surface to deep ocean floor.

The oceans in the northern hemisphere record relatively higher temperature than in the southern hemisphere.

The highest temperature is not recorded at the equator but slightly towards north of it.


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