#1. Consider the following statements regarding Iodine: 1. Iodine is a vital macro-nutrient for optimal mental and physical development of human beings. 2. Deficiency of iodine can lead to hypothyroidism, abortion, still births, mental retardation and psychomotor defects. 3. Children born in iodine deficient areas may have low intelligence quotient (IQ).
#2. Consider the following events: 1. Munda Rebellion 2. Bodo Movement 3. Santhal rebellion 4. Kuki Uprising
The Santhal rebellion (June 30, 1855 to January 3, 1856): Also known as the Santhal Hool, it was a native rebellion in eastern India against both the British colonial authority and zamindari system by the Santhal people.
The Munda Rebellion: Birsa Munda led the movement in the region south of Ranchi in 1899-1900, seeking the establishment of Munda Raj and independence after the system of khuntkattidar was corroded by the jagirdars and thikadars who came as moneylenders and as traders.
1917-1919 Kuki Uprising in Manipur against British colonialism under the leadership of their chieftains called haosa.
The Bodo Movement: The official movement of the Bodos for an independent state of Bodoland started under the leadership of Upendranath Brahma of All Bodo Students’ Union (ABSU) on March 2, 1987
#3. “Colistin”, recently seen in news is a:
Manufacture, sale and distribution of colistin and its formulations for food-producing animals, poultry, aqua farming and animal feed supplements have been prohibited in an order issued by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
Colistin is a valuable, last-resort antibiotic that saves human lives in critical care units.
Indiscriminate use of colistin has led to rise of anti-microbial resistance in the country
#4. Consider the following statements regarding Institutions of Eminence scheme: 1. The institutes of eminence scheme under the Union Education Ministry aims to project Indian institutes to global recognition. 2. The selected institutes will enjoy complete academic and administrative autonomy. 3. The selection shall be made through challenge method mode by the Empowered Expert Committee constituted for the purpose. 4. All higher education institutions can apply for the eminence tag.
The institutes of eminence scheme under the Union Education Ministry aims to project Indian institutes to global recognition.
The selected institutes will enjoy complete academic and administrative autonomy.
The government will run 10 of these and they will receive special funding.
The selection shall be made through challenge method mode by the Empowered Expert Committee constituted for the purpose.
Eligibility: Only higher education institutions currently placed in the top 500 of global rankings or top 50 of the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) are eligible to apply for the eminence tag.
The private Institutions of Eminence can also come up as green field ventures-provided the sponsoring organisation submits a convincing perspective plan for 15 years.
#5. Consider the following statements about Trans-fats: 1. Trans-fat is a type of unsaturated fat. 2. Trans fats also occur naturally. 3. Trans fats give food a desirable taste and texture.
Trans fat, also called trans-unsaturated fatty acids or trans fatty acids, is a type of unsaturated fat that occurs in small amounts in nature, but became widely produced industrially from vegetable fats starting in the 1950s for use in margarine, snack food, packaged baked goods, and for frying fast food.
Naturally-occurring trans fats are produced in the gut of some animals and foods made from these animals (e.g., milk and meat products) may contain small quantities of these fats.
Artificial trans fats (or trans fatty acids) are created in an industrial process that adds hydrogen to liquid vegetable oils to make them more solid.
Trans fats are easy to use, inexpensive to produce and last a long time.
Trans fats give foods a desirable taste and texture
#6. Consider the following statements regarding Microdot technology: 1. Microdot technology involves spraying the body and parts of the vehicle or any other machine with microscopic dots, which give a unique identification. 2. These microdots can be read physically with a microscope and identified with ultra violet light source. 3. The microdots cannot be removed without damaging the vehicle itself.
The Ministry of Road Transport & Highways has issued a draft notification amending Central Motor Vehicle Rules, allowing motor vehicles and their parts, components, assemblies, sub-assemblies to be affixed with permanent and nearly invisible microdots.
Microdot technology involves spraying the body and parts of the vehicle or any other machine with microscopic dots, which give a unique identification.
These microdot can be read physically with a microscope and identified with ultra violet light source.
The microdots and adhesive will become permanent fixtures/affixation which cannot be removed without damaging the asset, that is the vehicle itself.
Benefits: Use of this technology will help check theft of vehicles and also use of fake spare parts
#7. Consider the following statements: 1. PM KISAN is a Central Sector scheme with 100% funding from Government of India 2. Under this programme, vulnerable landholding farmer families, having cultivable land up to 2 acres, will be provided direct income support at the rate of Rs. 6,000 per year. 3. Definition of family for the scheme is husband, wife and minor children. 4. All Institutional Land holders are eligible beneficiaries.
PM KISAN is a Central Sector scheme with 100% funding from Government of India
It has become operational from 1.12.2018.
Under the scheme an income support of Rs.6000/- per year in three equal instalments will be provided to small and marginal farmer families having combined land holding/ownership of upto 2 hectares
Definition of family for the scheme is husband, wife and minor children.
State Government and UT Administration will identify the farmer families which are eligible for support as per scheme guidelines.
The fund will be directly transferred to the bank accounts of the beneficiaries.
All Institutional Land holders shall not be eligible for benefit under the scheme
#8. Consider the following statements regarding C-Sat-Fi technology: 1. C-Sat-Fi technology is based on satellite communication to extend connectivity to the unnerved areas including the remote islands and difficult terrains. 2. C-Sat-Fi can work on any WiFi enabled phone.
C-Sat-Fi (C-DOT Satellite WiFi) is based on the optimal utilization of wireless and satellite communication to extend connectivity to the unserved areas including the remote islands and difficult terrains.
Besides offering the ease of deployment, the solution is ideally suited to addressing disasters and emergencies when no other means of communication are available.
This cost-effective solution does not require the expensive Satellite Phones and can work on any Wi-Fi enabled phone.
#9. Consider the following statements regarding Lightning: 1. Lightning is a very rapid and massive discharge of electricity in the atmosphere which are generated in giant moisture-bearing clouds that are 10-12 km tall. 2. Lightning always strike tall objects such as trees, towers or buildings. 3. Lightning occurs commonly during thunderstorms
Lightning is a very rapid — and massive — discharge of electricity in the atmosphere, some of which is directed towards the Earth’s surface. These discharges are generated in giant moisture-bearing clouds that are 10-12 km tall. There is a greater probability of lightning striking tall objects such as trees, towers or buildings.
#10. Researchers from Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IITM) developed “Shakti” is related to:
India’s first and indigenous microprocessor “Shakti” developed by Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IITM).
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