Quiz Questions 19 January 2023


Quiz Questions 19 January 2023


#1. Consider the following statements related to provisions of writs in Indian Constitution: 1)Writ of quo-warranto can be issued if a person holds an office beyond his retirement age. 2)Writ of Prohibition is issued by a lower court when a higher court has considered a case going beyond its jurisdiction. Select the correct answer using the code given below:

Quo Warranto is issued by the court if the court finds that a person is holding office but is not entitled to hold that office restricts that person from acting as an office holder and to enquire into the legality of claim of a person to a public office. The writ can be issued only in case of a substantive public office of a permanent character created by a statute or by the Constitution. A writ of Prohibition is issued by a higher court (High Court or Supreme Court) when a lower court has considered a case going beyond its jurisdiction.

#2. Consider the following statements with respect to the ‘Discretionary Powers of the President’ and choose the correct ones: 1)The President has a right to be informed of all important matters and deliberations of theCouncil of Ministers. 2)President can send back the advice given by the Council of Ministers and ask the Council to reconsider the decision 3)The President also has veto power by which he can withhold or refuse to give assent to Bills (other than Money Bill) passed by the Parliament. Select the correct answer using the codes below

Discretionary Powers of the President.

Constitutionally, the President has a right to be informed of all important matters and deliberations of the Council of Ministers. The Prime Minister is obliged to furnish all the information that the President may call for. The President often writes to the Prime Minister and expresses his views on matters confronting the country. Besides this, there are at least three situations where the President can exercise the powers using his or her own discretion. In the first place, we have already noted that the President can send back the advice given by the Council of Ministers and ask the Council to reconsider the decision. In doing this, the President acts on his (or her) own discretion. When the President thinks that the advice has certain flaws or legal lacunae, or that it is not in the best interests of the country, the President can ask the Council to reconsider the decision. Although, the Council can still send back the same advice and the President would then be bound by that advice, such a request by the President to reconsider the decision, would naturally carry a lot of weight. So, this is one way in which the president can act in his own discretion.

Secondly, the President also has veto power by which he can withhold or refuse to give assent to Bills (other than Money Bill) passed by the Parliament. Every bill passed by the Parliament goes to the President for his assent before it becomes a law. The President can send the bill back to the Parliament asking it to reconsider the bill. This ‘veto’ power is limited because, if the Parliament passes the same bill again and sends it back to the President, then, the President has to give assent to that bill. However, there is no mention in the Constitution about the time limit within which the President must send the bill back for reconsideration. This means that the President can just keep the bill pending with him without any time limit. This gives the President an informal power to use the veto in a very effective manner. This is sometimes referred to as ‘pocket veto’.

Then, the third kind of discretion arises more out of political circumstances. Formally, the President appoints the Prime Minister. Normally, in the parliamentary system, a leader who has the support of the majority in the Lok Sabha would be appointed as Prime Minister and the question of discretion would not arise. But imagine a situation when after an election, no leader has a clear majority in the Lok Sabha. Imagine further that after attempts to forge alliances, two or three leaders are claiming that they have the support of the majority in the house. Now, the President has to decide whom to appoint as the Prime Minister. In such a situation, the President has to use his own discretion in judging who really may have the support of the majority or who can actually form and run the government.

#3. Consider the following statements with respect to ‘the Election of Vice President’ : 1)The election for the Vice President is conducted through a secret ballot 2)The Electoral College consists of only the elected members of both houses of parliament and state legislative assemblies. 3)The mechanism of proportional representation by single transferable vote is used. Select the correct answer using the code given below:

The election for the Vice President is conductedthrough a secret ballotwhere themembers ofElectoral College consisting of Members of the both Houses of Parliament including, the nominated members of Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabhavote. The voting is done by proportional representation by single transferable vote.

#4. Consider the following statements related to 'Right to Freedom of Religion': 1)It does not include a right to convert another person to one’s own religion. 2)Religious practices like sacrificing animals or human beings are also not-permissible. 3)The Constitution has guaranteed the right to propagate one’s religion. 4)The freedom of religion is an unlimited right. Select the correct answer from the code below:

Freedom of religion includes the freedom to profess, follow and propagate any religion. Freedomof religion is subject to certain limitations.

The government can impose restrictions on the practice of freedom of religion in order to protect public order, morality and health.

Thismeans that the freedom of religion is not an unlimited right. The government can interfere in religious matters for rooting out certain social evils.

For example in the past, the government has taken steps banning practices like sati, bigamy or human sacrifice. Such restrictions cannot be opposed in the name of interference in right to freedom of religion.

The Constitution does not allow forcible conversions.

#5. With reference to the election of the Vice President of India, which of the following statements is correct?

The Electoral College to elect a person to the office of the Vice-President consists of all members of both Houses of Parliament (both elected and nominated members). The electoral college for electing the President of India comprises of only the elected members of Parliament and State Legislative Assemblies.

#6. Which of the following statements is correct about Fundamental Rights: 1)If a Fundamental Right is violated then the citizen can directly approach the Supreme Court or the High Court of a state 2)Fundamental Rights are guaranteed against the actions of the Legislatures, the Executive, and any other authorities instituted by the government. Select the correct answer using the code given below:

It is possible that sometimes our rights may be violated by fellow citizens, private bodies or by the government. When any of our rights are violated we can seek remedy through courts. If it is a Fundamental Right we can directly approach the Supreme Court or the High Court of a state. That is why Dr. Ambedkar called the Right to Constitutional Remedies, ‘the heart and soul’ of our Constitution. Fundamental Rights are guaranteed against the actions of theLegislatures, the Executive, and any other authorities instituted by the government. There can be no law or action that violates the Fundamental Rights.

#7. Consider the statements regarding Ordinance making powers of the President under Article 123: 1)Ordinance making powers of President is a parallel power of Legislation. 2)Ordinance can be passed only on those subjects on which the Parliament can make laws. 3)Can amend the constitution provided it doesn’t alter the Basic Structure of the Constitution. 4)The maximum life of an ordinance is 6 weeks. Select the incorrect statements using the code below

An ordinance made when both the Houses are in session is void. Thus, the power of The President to legislate by ordinance is not a parallel power of legislation

Ordinance can’t be issued to amend constitution.

Every ordinance issued by the President during the recess of Parliament must be laid

Before both the Houses of Parliament when it reassembles. If the ordinance is approved by both the Houses, it becomes an act. The maximum life of an ordinance can be sixmonths and six weeks, in case of non-approval by the Parliament (six months being the maximum gap between the two sessions of Parliament).

#8. 'The Right to Property’ was under major controversy since its inception in the Constitution of India. With regard to its present position, consider the following: 1)It is a Constitutional right. 2)The Supreme Court can issue writ jurisdiction, for the violation of the right. 3)The right to property was deleted from Fundamental Rights by the 42th Amendment Act, 1976. Select the correct answer from the code below:

Since 1950, government made many laws that limited this right to property. This right was at the centre of the long debate over the relationship between rights and directive principles. Finally, in 1973, the Supreme Court gave a decision that the right to property was not part of the basic structure of the Constitution and therefore, parliament had power to abridge this right by an amendment.

In 1978, the 44th amendment to the Constitution removed the right to property from the list ofFundamental Rights and converted it into a simple legal (constitutional) right.

#9. Which among the following fundamental right was considered as ‘heart and soul of the constitution’ by Dr. Ambedkar:

Dr. Ambedkar considered the right to constitutional remedies as ‘heart and soul of the constitution’. It is so because this right gives a citizen the right to approach a High Court or the Supreme Court to get any of the fundamental rights restored in case of their violation. The Supreme Court and the High Courts can issue orders and give directives to the government for the enforcement of rights.

Finish

Results

-

You Passed The Quiz!

You Failed The Quiz!

#Daily #IAS #UPSC #Stact_PSC #Prelims #Mains #Daily #Questions #Answers #MCQs #Explaination #GeoIAS


WEBSITE                                     :        https://geoias.com/

FACEBOOK                                   :        https://www.facebook.com/geoiaskolkata

INSTAGRAM                                 :       https://www.instagram.com/geoias

TWITTER                                      :       https://twitter.com/GeoIas

EMAIL ID                                      :       info@geoias.com

TELEGRAM                                    :       https://t.me/Geo_Ias

MOBILE APP                                 :       https://treeloki.page.link/Rg1u

YOUTUBE                                      :       https://www.youtube.com/@geoiasupsc

FORONLINE/OFFLINE CLASSES   :      +91  9477560001,  9477560002


Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Quiz Questions 3 February 2023

Quiz Questions 3 February 2023 #IAS #UPSC #Stact_PSC #Prelims #Mains #Daily #Questions #Answers #MCQs #Explaination #GeoIAS WEBSITE                                     :   

Read More »