Rash Behari Bose
Homage to one of the great sons of India, revolutionary leader Rash Behari Bose on his death anniversary.
Rash Behari Bose played a crucial role in Gadar Revolution.
He was the founder of Indian National Army popularly known as the Azad Hind Fauz.
Rash Behari Bose was born on May 25, 1886, in the province of Bengal.
Rash Behari Bose was initially educated at Subaldaha and later in Dupleix College at Chandernagore. At the time Chandernagore was under French rule thus, Rash Behari was influenced by both British and French culture.
The French Revolution of 1789 had a deep impact on Rash Behari. He was a day-dreamer, his mind preoccupied with revolutionary ideas.
Rash Behari Bose was the person who started his carrier with the Forest Research Institute, Dehradun. He learned Japanese and became a journalist and writer. He took part in many cultural activities and wrote many books in Japanese, explaining India’s viewpoints.
He got hold of a well-known revolutionary novel called “Ananda Math (Abbey of Bliss)” written by noted Bengali novelist, poet and thinker, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee.
Rash Behari also read the famous Bengali poet, Navin Sen’s, Plasir Yudha, a collection of patriotic poems.
In course of time he read other revolutionary books. He read nationalistic speeches by orator and revolutionary, Surendranath Banerjea, and Swami Vivekananda.
In Chandernagore, his teacher Charu Chand, a man of radical ideas, inspired Rash Behari along revolutionary lines.
The partition of Bengal in 1905 and the events that followed in its wake drew Rash Behari Bose headlong into revolutionary activities.
Rash Behari concluded that the Government would not yield without revolutionary action on the part of the patriots. He started gearing up his revolutionary activities under the guidance of Jatin Banerjee, an eminent revolutionary leader.
He suddenly came in to prominence after 23rd December 1912 when bombs were thrown at Lord Hardinge, the then Viceroy of India.
On 21st January 1945 Rash Bihari Bose died in Tokyo before the end of World War II.
The Japanese Government honoured him with the highest title given to a foreigner – The Second Order of Merit of the Rising Sun.
But the honour done by the Emperor of Japan on his demise is more touching. The Imperial coach was sent to carry the dead body of the Indian veteran revolutionary.
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