Quiz Questions 17 February 2023


Quiz Questions 17 February 2023


#1. Which of the following committees was not involved with any aspect of Princely States?

Explanation: According to the recommendations of Montford Reforms (1921), a Chamber of Princes (Narendra Mandal) was set up as a consultative and advisory body having no say in the internal affairs of individual states and having no powers to discuss matters concerning existing rights and freedoms. For the purpose of the chamber the Indian states were divided into three categories
  1. Directly represented-109
  2. Represented through representatives-127
  3. Recognised as feudal holdings or jagirs.
The question of extent of sovereignty and paramountcy was still undefined. The Butler Committee (1927) was set up to examine the nature of relationship between the states and Government. After World War II began and a position of noncooperation was adopted by the Congress, the British Government tried to break the deadlock through the Cripps Mission (1942), Wavell Plan (1945), Cabinet Mission (1946) and Attlee’s statement (February 1947).

#2. Which of the following states signed the Subsidiary Alliance with the British: 1. Hyderabad 2. Awadh 3. Jhansi 4. Mysore Select the correct answer using the codes below:

Explanation:

Hyderabad, Awadh and Mysore signed the subsidiary alliance with the British. The Jhansi was annexed under the Doctrine of Lapse

#3. In 1600, the East India Company acquired a charter from the ruler of England, Queen Elizabeth I. The charter: 1. Granted it the sole right to trade with the East 2. No other trading group in Europe could compete with the East India Company Select the correct answer using the code given below:

Explanation:

In 1600, the East India Company acquired a charter from the ruler of England, Queen Elizabeth I, granting it the sole right to trade with the East. This meant that no other trading group in England could compete with the East India Company. With this charter the Company could venture across the oceans, looking for new lands from which it could buy goods at a cheap price, and carry them back to Europe to sell at higher prices. The royal charter, however, could not prevent other European powers from entering the Eastern markets.

#4. With reference to India in the 18th century, what does 'misls' refer to?

Explanation:

The sikhs in the 18th century were organised into 12 misls or confederacies, which operated in different parts of the province. These misls fully cooperated with one another. They were originally based on the principle of quality with all members having an equal voice in deciding the affairs of the misl and in electing its chief and other officers. However, gradually the democratic and plebeian character of the misls disappeared and powerful feudal chiefs and zamindars dominated them. Ranjit Singh, who rose to prominence at the end of the 18th century, was the chief of SukerchakiaMisl.

#5. Consider the following statements about Company appointed Residents in Indian states: 1. Company started appointing them after the Battle of Plassey 2. They were political or commercial agents of company 3. Their job was to serve and further the interests of the Company 4. Through the Residents, the Company officials never interfered in the internal affairs of Indian states 5. They often tried to decide who was to be the successor to the throne, and who was to be appointed in administrative posts Select the correct answer using the code given below:

Explanation:

the Battle of Buxar (1764), the Company appointed Residents in Indian states. They were political or commercial agents and their job was to serve and further the interests of the Company. Through the Residents, the Company officials began interfering in the internal affairs of Indian states. They tried to decide who was to be the successor to the throne, and who was to be appointed in administrative posts.

#6. Consider the following European bases for factories during the Mughal Era and choose the ones correctly matched: 1. French in Panaji 2. Dutch in Masulipatnam 3. Portuguese in Pondicherry 4. British in Madras Select the correct answer using the code below

Explanation:

Changes in the networks of trade were reflected in the history of urban centres. The European commercial Companies had set up base in different places early during the Mughal era: the Portuguese in Panaji in 1510, the Dutch in Masulipatnam in 1605, the British in Madras in 1639 and the French in Pondicherry (present-day Puducherry) in 1673. With the expansion of commercial activity, towns grew around these trading centres. By the end of the eighteenth century the land-based empires in Asia were replaced by the powerful sea-based European empires. Forces of international trade, mercantilism and capitalism now came to define the nature of society.

From the mid-eighteenth century, there was a new phase of change. Commercial centres such as Surat, Masulipatnam and Dhaka, which had grown in the seventeenth century, declined when trade shifted to other places. As the British gradually acquired political control after the Battle of Plassey in 1757, and the trade of the English East India Company expanded, colonial port cities such as Madras, Calcutta and Bombay rapidly emerged as the new economic capitals. They also became centres of colonial administration and political power. New buildings and institutions developed, and urban spaces were ordered in new ways. New occupations developed and people flocked to these colonial cities. By about 1800, they were the biggest cities in India in terms of population.

#7. Consider the following statements: 1. Warren Hastings was the first Governor-General of India and he introduced several administrative reforms 2. Impeachment proceedings against Warren Hastings were carried for being personally responsible for the misgovernment of Bengal Select the correct answer using the code given below:

Explanation:

The supreme head of the administration was the Governor-General. Warren Hastings, the first Governor-General, introduced several administrative reforms, notably in the sphere of justice.

When Warren Hastings went back to England in 1785, Edmund Burke accused him of being personally responsible for the misgovernment of Bengal. This led to an impeachment proceeding in the British Parliament that lasted seven years.

#8. The first country to enter to trade in India was:

Explanation:

By the time the first English ships sailed down the west coast of Africa, round the Cape of Good Hope, and crossed the Indian Ocean, the Portuguese had already established their presence in the western coast of India, and had their base in Goa. In fact, it was Vasco da Gama, a Portuguese explorer, who had discovered this sea route to India in 1498.

#9. Consider the following: He was one of the first artists who tried to create a style that was both modern and national. He belonged to the family of the Maharajas. He mastered the Western art of oil painting and realistic life study, but painted themes from Indian mythology. He dramatised on canvas, scene after scene from the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, drawing on the theatrical performances of mythological stories that he witnessed during his tour of the Bombay Presidency. He had also set up a picture production team and printing press on the outskirts of Bombay. Who among the following is being described in above passage:

Explanation:

Raja Ravi Varma was one of the first artists who tried to create a style that was both modern and national. Ravi Varma belonged to the family of the

Maharajas of Travancore in Kerala, and was addressed as Raja. He mastered the Western art of oil painting and realistic life study, but painted themes from Indian

mythology. He dramatised on canvas, scene after scene from the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, drawing on the theatrical performances of mythological stories that he witnessed during his tour of the Bombay Presidency. From the 1880s, Ravi Varma’s mythological paintings became the rage among Indian princes and art collectors, who filled their palace galleries with his works.

#10. After the death of Aurangzeb, the Bengal nawabs refused to grant the concessions to Company because: 1. Company was depriving the Bengal government of huge amounts of revenue 2. It was undermining the authority of the nawab 3. It was refusing to pay taxes 4. It was trying to humiliate the nawab and his officials and it was writing disrespectful letters Select the correct answer using the code given below:

Explanation:

After the death of Aurangzeb, the Bengal nawabs asserted their power and autonomy, as other regional powers were doing at that time. Murshid Quli Khan was followed by Alivardi Khan and then Sirajuddaulah as the Nawab of Bengal. Each one of them was a strong ruler. They refused to grant the Company concessions, demanded large tributes for the Company’s right to trade, denied it any right to mint coins, and stopped it from extending its fortifications. Accusing the Company of deceit, they claimed that the Company was depriving the Bengal government of huge amounts of revenue and undermining the authority of the nawab. It was refusing to pay taxes, writing disrespectful letters, and trying to humiliate the nawab and his officials.

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