Quiz Questions 24 January 2023


Quiz Questions 24 January 2023


#1. Consider the following about Departmental standing committees. 1.The main objective of the standing committees is to secure greater financial accountability of the Executive to the Legislature. 2.Such committees consist of members from Lok Sabha alone. 3.A minister is not eligible to be nominated as a member of any of the standing committees. 4.The term of office of each standing committee is one year from the date of its constitution. Select the correct answer using the codes below.

Explanation: Statement 1: They assist the Parliament in debating the budget more effectively as they examine department’s budget more closely than the Parliament could do. The 24 standing committees cover under their jurisdiction all the ministries / departments of the Central Government. Hence Statement 1 is correct. Statement 2: Each standing committee consists of 31 members (21 from Lok Sabha and 10 from Rajya Sabha). The members of the Lok Sabha are nominated by the Speaker from amongst its own members, just as the members of the Rajya Sabha are nominated by the Chairman from amongst its members. Hence Statement 2 is not correct. Statement 3: A minister is not eligible to be nominated as a member of any of the standing committees. In case a member, after his nomination to any of the standing committees, is appointed a minister, he then ceases to be a member of the committee. Hence Statement 3 is correct. Statement 4: The term of office of each standing committee is one year from the date of its constitution. Out of the 24 standing committees, 8 work under the Rajya Sabha and 16 under the Lok Sabha. Hence Statement 4 is correct.

#2. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer by using the codes given below: List-I (Parliamentary Committees) List-II (Functions) A.Select Committee 1. Allocates time for discussion on various items B.Committee on Petitions2. Considers the question o contempt of the House C.Business Advisory Committee3. Entertains representations from individuals D.Estimates Committee4. Scrutinises a bill clause by clause and suggests changes 5.Examines departmental expenditure in the budget

#3. Consider the following with reference to the Estimates Committee of the Parliament. 1.The Rajya Sabha has no representation in this committee. 2.A minister can be elected as a member of the committee. 3.The chairman of the committee is appointed by the Speaker. Select the correct answer using the codes below.

Explanation:

Statement 1: All the thirty members are from Lok Sabha only. The Rajya Sabha has no representation in this committee. These members are elected by the Lok Sabha every year from amongst its members, according to the principles of proportional representation by means of a single transferable vote.Statement 2 and 3: All parties get due representation in it. The term of office is one year. A minister cannot be elected as a member of the committee. The chairman of the committee is appointed by the Speaker from amongst its members and he is invariably from the ruling party.The origin of this committee can be traced to the standing financial committee set up in 1921.The first Estimates Committee in the post-independence era was constituted in 1950 on the recommendation of John Mathai, the then finance minister.The function of the committee is to examine the estimates included in the budget and suggest ‘economies’ in public expenditure. Hence, it has been described as a ‘continuous economy committee’.

#4. Which of the following statements about the Public Accounts Committee (PAC) is not correct?

Explanation:

This committee was setup first in 1921 under the provisions of the Government of India Act of 1919 and has since been in existence. So, A is correct.At present, it consists of 22 members (15 from the Lok Sabha and 7 from the Rajya Sabha). The members are elected by the Parliament every year from amongst its members according to the principle of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote. Hence, option (b) is correct.A minister cannot be elected as a member of the committee. The chairman of the committee is appointed by the Speaker from amongst its members. Hence, option (d) is not correct.The function of the committee is to examine the annual audit reports of the comptroller and auditor general of India (CAG), which are laid before the Parliament by the president.Hence, option (d) is the correct answer.

#5. Consider the following statements: 1.Parliamentary committees do not find a mention in the Constitution of India. 2.The consultative committees are not a part of parliamentary committees. Which of the above statements is/are true?

Explanation:

Parliamentary committees are mentioned in the Constitution of India.The consultative committees which consist of Member of Parliaments are not a part of parliamentary committees, they are distinct in nature.Hence, option (b) is the correct answer.

#6. With reference to Parliamentary standing committee, consider the following statements: 1.The members of the standing committees are nominated from the Lok Sabha only. 2.A minister is not eligible to be nominated as a member of any of the standing committees. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Explanation:

Each standing committee consists of 31 members (21 from Lok Sabha and 10 from Rajya Sabha). The members of the Lok Sabha are nominated by the Speaker, just as the members of the Rajya Sabha are nominated by the Chairman from amongst its members. Hence, statement 1 is not correct.A minister is not eligible to be nominated as a member of any of the standing committees. In case a member, after his nomination to any of the standing committees, is appointed a minister, he then ceases to be a member of the committee. Hence, statement 2 is correct.

#7. Consider the following statements with respect to Parliamentary Committees: 1.Standing Committees will be constituted every year or periodically and work on a continuous basis. 2.Ad hoc committees are temporary and cease to exist on completion of the task assigned to them. Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Explanation:

Parliamentary Committees are broadly classified into two types: Standing Committees and Ad Hoc Committees.Standing Committees: Permanent (constituted every year or periodically) and work on a continuous basis. They can be categorized into following broad groups:Financial CommitteesDepartmental Standing Committees (24)Committees to InquireCommittees to Scrutinise and ControlCommittees Relating to the Day-to-Day Business of the HouseHouse-Keeping Committees or Service Committees. Hence statement 1 is correct.Ad Hoc Committees: Ad hoc committees are temporary and cease to exist on completion of the task assigned to them.  Hence statement 2 is also correct.

#8. In which of the following committees, Speaker/Chairman of Lok Sabha/Rajya Sabha is not the ex-officio chairman?

Explanation:

Standing Committees: Broadly, parliamentary committees are of two kinds–Standing Committees and Ad Hoc Committees. The former are permanent (constituted every year or periodically) and work on a continuous basis, while the latter are temporary and cease to exist on completion of the task assigned to them. The main objective of the standing committees is to secure more accountability of the Executive (i.e., the Council of Ministers) to the Parliament, particularly financial accountability. They also assist the Parliament in debating the budget more effectively. The 24 standing committees cover under their jurisdiction all the ministries /departments of the Central Government. Each standing committee consists of 31members (21 from Lok Sabha and 10 from Rajya Sabha). The members of the Lok Sabha are nominated by the Speaker from amongst its own members, just as the members of the Rajya Sabha are nominated by the chairman from amongst its members. A minister is not eligible to be nominated as a member of any of the standing committees. In case a member, after his nomination to any of the standing committees, is appointed a minister, he then ceases to be a member of the committee. The term of office of each standing committee is one year from the date of its constitution. Out of the 24 standing committees, 8 work under the Rajya Sabha and 16 under the Lok Sabha.Business Advisory Committee: This committee regulates the programme and time table of the House. It allocates time for the transaction of legislative and other business brought before the House by the government. The Lok Sabha committee consists of 15 members including the Speaker as its chairman. In the Rajya Sabha, it has 11 members including the Chairman as its Ex-officio chairman. Hence, option(b) is correct.  Rules Committee: This committee considers the matters of procedure and conduct of business in the House and recommends necessary amendments or additions to the rules of the House. The Lok Sabha committee consists of 15 members including the Speaker as its ex-officio chairman. In the Rajya Sabha, it consists of 16 members including the Chairman as its Ex-officio chairman. Hence, option (a) is correct  General Purposes Committee: This committee considers and advises on matters concerning affairs of the House, which do not fall within the jurisdiction of any other parliamentary committee. In each House, this committee consists of the presiding officer (Speaker/Chairman) as its Ex-officio chairman, Deputy Speaker (Deputy Chairman in the case of Rajya Sabha), members of panel of chairpersons (panel of vicechairpersons in the case of Rajya Sabha), chairpersons of all the departmental standing committees of the House, leaders of recognised parties and groups in the House and such other members as nominated by the presiding officer. Hence, option (c) is correct.  Committee on Private Members’ Bills and Resolutions: This committee classifies bills and allocates time for the discussion on bills and resolutions introduced by private members (other than ministers). This is a special committee of the Lok Sabha and consists of 15 members including the Deputy Speaker as its chairman. The Rajya Sabha does not have any such committee. The same function in the Rajya Sabha is performed by the Business Advisory Committee of that House. Hence, option (d) is not correct.

#9. Which of the following statements are correct about the Public Accounts Committee? 1.The chairman of the committee must belong to the ruling party. 2.The function of the committee is to examine the annual audit reports of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG), which are laid before the Parliament by the Speaker. 3.It is a non-advisory and non-executive body. Select the correct answer using the code below

Explanation:

Until 1966-67, the chairman of the committee belonged to the ruling party.However, since 1967 a convention has developed whereby the chairman of the committee is selected invariably from the Opposition. Hence, statement 1 is not correct.The function of the committee is to examine the annual audit reports of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG), which are laid before the Parliament by the President. Hence, statement 2 is not correct.The CAG submits three audit reports to the President, namely, audit report on appropriation accounts, audit report on finance accounts and audit report on public undertakings.

Effectiveness of the role of the committee is limited by the following:

It is not concerned with the questions of policy in broader sense.It conducts a post-mortem examination of accounts (showing the expenditure already incurred).It cannot intervene in the matters of day-to-day administration.Its recommendations are advisory and not binding on the ministries. Hence, statement 3 is not correct.It is not vested with the power of disallowance of expenditures by the departments.It is not an executive body and hence, cannot issue an order. Only the Parliament can take a final decision on its findings.

#10. With reference to various Parliamentary committees in India, consider the following statements: 1.Standing committee is permanent in nature 2.Standing committees are formed only by Lok Sabha 3.Ad hoc committees are temporary in nature 4.The Committee on Petitions is an example of ad hoc committee Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Explanation:

Parliamentary Committees are of two kinds: Ad hoc Committees and the Standing Committees. Ad hoc Committees are appointed for a specific purpose and they cease to exist when they finish the task assigned to them and submit a report. The principal Ad hoc Committees are the Select and Joint Committees on Bills. Others like the Railway Convention Committee, the Committees on the Draft Five Year Plans and the Hindi Equivalents Committee were appointed for specific purposes. Apart from the Ad hoc Committees, each House of Parliament has Standing Committees like the Business Advisory Committee, the Committee on Petitions, the Committee of Privileges and the Rules Committee, etc.

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