Quiz Questions 25 January 2023


Quiz Questions 25 January 2023


#1. Which of the following is/are correct about ‘Caracal’, a breed found in India? 1.It is a nocturnal wild cat found in parts of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. 2.It is protected under Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972. 3.It is recently included into the Recovery Programme for Critically Endangered Species. 4.It is listed as critically endangered in the IUCN pages. Select the correct answer using the code given below:

Explanation: Caracal: It is a medium-sized wild cat native to Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia, and India. It is characterised by a robust build, long legs, a short face, long tufted ears, and long canine teeth. Characteristics: Typically nocturnal, the caracal is highly secretive and difficult to observe. It is territorial and lives mainly alone or in pairs. The caracal is a carnivore that typically preys upon small mammals, birds, and rodents. India: In India, the Caracal can be found in some parts of Rajasthan and Gujarat. IUCN Status: Least Concern mainly due to their large numbers in Africa. Listed under Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972. Recently included in the Recovery Programme for Critically Endangered Species programme which is one of the three components of the Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats(IDWH).

#2. A part of distributed computing topology in which information processing is located close to where things and people produce or consume that information. Which among the following technology is being referred to in the above passage?

Explanation:

Edge Computing is a part of distributed computing topology in which information processing is located close to where things and people produce or consume that information.

At its basic level, edge computing brings computation and data storage closer the devices where it’s being gathered, rather than relying on central location that can be thousands of miles away.

This is done so that data, especially real time data, does not suffer latency issues that can affect an application’s performance.

In addition, companies can save money by having the processing done locally, reducing the amount of data that needs to be processed in a centralised or cloud based location.

#3. What is the objective of RBI’s New Umbrella Entities (NUE) initiative?

Explanation:

RBI launched New umbrella entities (NUEs) initiative.

For bringing competition and innovation in digital payment and retail payment systems related to ATMs, white-label PoS; Aadhaar-based payments and remittance services- against the existing player National payment Corporation of India (NPCI).

Therefore, the correct answer is D.

#4. Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct? 1.Thalassemia is a disease that causes excessive production of haemoglobin in body. 2.Cirrhosis is a disease related to liver tissues. 3.Sickle cell anaemia is a genetic disorder. Select the correct answer using the code given below:

Explanation:

 

Thalassemia is an blood disorder that causes the body to have less haemoglobin than normal. so, statement 1 is wrong.

Cirrhosis is a late stage of scarring of the liver tissues so statement 2 is right.

Sickle cell anemia is a group of Genetic disorders that cause red blood cells to become misshapen and break down. So, statement 3 is right.

Therefore, the correct answer is d.

#5. Q1. What is/are common to the two historical Kailashnath temples located at Kanchi and Ellora? 1.Both belong to the Buddhist denomination 2.Both were constructed in the same period Select the correct answer using the code given below:

Explanation:

Kanchipuram is known for Kailashnath temple, built by Pallava King NarasimhaVarman in 685 AD.

Ellora’s Kailsah temple was built by Rashtrakuta King Krishna in 773 AD.

Both temples were built for the God Siva.

Hence it belongs to Shaivite Sect.

Hence all the given statements are not correct.

Nothing is in common.

#6. With reference to the ‘International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation’ (IPEEC), consider the following statements: 1.IPEEC is an initiative of World Bank. 2.IPEEC is managed by a secretariat hosted by the International Energy Agency 3.India is a founding member of this organisation. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Explanation:

 

IPEEC was founded in 2009 by the G8 (Group of 8) to serve the world’s major economies.

It now includes 17 of the 20 members of the G20 (Group of 20), covering both developed and emerging Among its founding members are Brazil, Canada, China, European Commission, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Since its creation, Argentina, Australia and South Africa have also become members of IPEEC economies.

Hence statement 1 is incorrect and 3 is correct.

IPEEC provides information to decision-makers in major economies, facilitating candid

discussions for exchanging ideas and experiences and helping countries undertake joint

projects to develop and implement energy efficiency policies and measures at a global

scale.

IPEEC is managed by a secretariat hosted by the International Energy Agency in

Paris, France. Hence statement 2 is correct.

#7. Who of the following started the Journal ‘Dawn’, an organ of Indian nationalism and subsequently established the Dawn Society which played a crucial role in the national educational movement?

Explanation:

Founder-editor of the Dawn magazine (1897–1913), an organ of Indian Nationalism, in 1902 Satish Chandra Mukherjee organised the “Dawn Society” of culture, to protest against the Report of the Indian Universities Commission, representing the inadequate university education imposed by the Government to fabricate clerks for the merchant offices.

He said, “The cry for thorough overhauling of the whole system of University education was in the air.” In 1889, he formulated the scheme for national education.

Hence option C is the correct answer.

#8. Recently, Mukundpura CM2, often seen in news is related to which of the following?

Explanation:

The meteorite named Mukundpura CM2 was classified to be a carbonaceous chondrite.

This is a type of stony meteorite, considered the most primitive meteorite and a remnant of the first solid bodies to accrete in the solar system.

The composition of carbonaceous chondrites is also similar to the Sun.

Chondrites are silicate-droplet-bearing meteorites, and thisMukundpura chondrite is the fifth carbonaceous meteorite known to fall in India.

#9. The term ‘Principle of Essentiality’ is often seen in the media in the context of

Explanation:

 

The Principle of Essentiality is critical for conduction of human trials in clinical research.

It states that research being carried out should be essential for advancement of knowledge that benefits patients, doctors and all others in aspects of healthcare and also for the ecological and environmental well-being of the planet.

Various other principles such as Voluntariness, Non-exploitation, Risk Minimization etc. must also be taken into consideration.

#10. Consider the following statements: 1.The Cabinet Secretary to the Government of India is appointed by the President of India on the recommendations of the Appointments committee of the Cabinet. 2.The Cabinet Secretary has a fixed tenure of two years, which cannot be extended. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Explanation:

 

The Cabinet Secretary is under the direct charge of the prime minister.

The Cabinet Secretary to the Government of India is appointed on the recommendations of the Appointments committee of the Cabinet.

Not appointed by the President of India.

A cabinet secretary is appointed for a fixed tenure of two years.

According to All India Services (Death-Cum-Retirement-Benefits) Rules, 1958, the government can give extension in service to a cabinet secretary provided the total tenure does not exceed four years.

As per the modified rules, the central government may give an extension in service for a further period not exceeding three months, beyond the period of four years to a cabinet secretary

The administrative head of the secretariat is the cabinet secretary who is also the ex-officio chairman of the civil services board.

#11. With reference to ‘Gene Expression’, often seen in the news, consider the following statements: 1.Gene expression is the process in which DNA directs the synthesis of functional products, such as proteins. 2. Exposure to alcohol affects the pattern of gene expression. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Explanation:

Gene expression is a fundamental life process providing a bridge between information encoded within a gene and a final functional gene product, such as a protein or non-coding RNA.

Gene expression is the process in which DNA directs the synthesis of functional products, such as proteins.

Cells can regulate gene expression at various stages.

It allows organisms to generate different cell types and enables cells to adapt to internal and external factors.

Although we inherit genes from our parents, their expression is regulated in a unique manner in each person, and may be influenced by lifestyle.

Exposure to alcohol affects the pattern of gene expression, and may explain some systemic complications.”

Alcohol (ethanol) is rapidly metabolised in the body, and its two carbon atoms (CH3CH2 or ethyl) are converted into single atoms (CH3 or methyl), that can react with many other

chemicals, including DNA.

This change (methylation) can modify the expression of many genes, or even have toxic consequences.

#12. Consider the following pairs: Island - Type 1.Barren Island - Volcanic island 2.Willington Island - Continental Island. 3.Agatti Island - Coral Island Which of the following is/are correctly matched?

Explanation:

Barren Island – Volcanic island

Willington Island – Artificial Island

Agatti Island – Coral Island

India, being a vast country is home to different types of Islands.

Barren Island, the only active volcano in India is situated in the Nicobar Islands.

Statement 1 is correct.

Willingdon Island is the largest artificial island in India, which forms part of the city of

Kochi, in the state of Kerala.

The island is home to the port of Kochi and also to the Kochi

Naval Base. Statement 2 is not correct.

The islands of the Arabian Sea include Lakshadweep and Minicoy. The entire island

group is built of coral deposits. Statement 3 is correct.

#13. American scientists have created the genetic clone of which one of the following species in 2021?

Explanation:

 

Black-footed ferret: Extinct species native to North America, Scientist made a genetic clone based on a dead ferret from 1988. Named her “Elizabeth Ann”

So, the answer is C.

#14. A computer malware can effectively do which of the following? 1.Stealing data 2.Deleting sensitive data 3.Altering or hijacking core computer functions 4.Monitoring users’ computer activity Select the correct answer using the code given below:

Explanation:

Malware or malicious software is any program or file that is harmful to a computer user.

Types of malware can include computer viruses, worms, Trojans horses and spyware.

These malicious programs can perform a variety of functions such as stealing, encrypting or deleting sensitive data, altering or hijacking core computer functions and monitoring users’ computer activity.

#15. Consider the following statements: 1.The Carlyle Circular asked government-funded schools and colleges to prohibit students from participating in the protest against the Jallianwalabagh massacre. 2.Anti-Circular Society was established mainly against the Carlyle Circular. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Explanation:

The Carlyle Circular asked government-funded schools and colleges to prohibit students from participating in the protest against the PARTITION of Bengal.

Hence statement 1 is incorrect.

 

Anti-Circular Society was established mainly against the Carlyle Circular in 1905 by Sachindra Prasad Bose.

Hence statement 2 is correct.

#16. India has recently signed an agreement with which of the following country to develop a naval port known as ‘UhturuThilaFalhu’ Port which will facilitate regional Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR)?

Explanation:

Recently, India and the Maldives have signed a defence Line of Credit agreement worth USD 50 million.The agreement was signed during the visit by the External Affairs Minister of India to Maldives.

Assistance to Build Dockyards:

 

A dockyard will be developed at the UthuruThilaFalhu (UTF) Naval Base with Indian assistance, a few miles northwest of Male, which will strengthen the Maldivian defence capabilities.

The agreement is part of the defence action plan signed in 2016 by then Maldivian President Abdulla Yameen Abdul Gayoom during a visit to India.

Indicating deepening security cooperation, an agreement to develop, support and maintain a Maldives National Defence Force Coast Guard Harbour at Sifavaru was also signed.

India will also support development of other infrastructure needed for the harbour, support the development of communications resources and radar services, and provide training.

#17. Consider the following statement(s) about the Canine distemper virus: 1.Canine distemper virus can cause death of Asiatic lions. 2.No vaccine is available for Canine distemper virus. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Explanation:

 

Canine Distemper Virus (CDV) is a viral disease that infects the gastrointestinal, respiratory, and central nervous systems.

Canine distemper virus resulted in death of more than 30 Gir lions. Subsequently the Government of Gujarat began the vaccination of the lions in Gir sanctuary 2018-19.

Therefore, the correct answer is A.

#18. With reference to ‘combustion’ and ‘ignition’ phenomenon, consider the following statements: 1.Inflammable substances have a very high ignition temperature. 2.CO2 acts as the best extinguisher for inflammable materials like petrol and electric equipment’s related fires 3.The amount of heat energy produced on complete combustion of 1kg of fuel is called as its calorific value Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Explanation:

The ignition temperature is the lowest temperature at which a substance catches fire.

The substances which catch fire very easily and have very low ignition temperature are called as inflammable substances.

Hence statement 1 is incorrect.

CO2 is the best extinguisher for inflammable materials like petrol and electric equipment’s related fire.

As CO2 is much heavier than O2 such that CO2 covers fire like a blanket.

Since the contact between oxygen and fuel is removed, fire is controlled.

Hence statement 2 is correct.

The amount of heat energy produced on complete combustion of 1kg of fuel is called as its calorific value.

The calorific value of a fuel is expressed in a unit called KJ/Kg.

Hence statement 3 is correct.

Source: Class 8 NCERT CHAPTER 6 PAGE NO: 69

#19. With reference to ‘Silver Antimony Telluride’, consider the following statements: 1.Silver antimony telluride is a good conductor of heat but bad conductor of electricity. 2.Utilising Silver Antimony Telluride, a mobile phone can be charged using the heat from the laptop. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Explanation:

Scientists in Bengaluru have found a new material, Silver Antimony Telluride (AgSbTe2), that can help in tapping waste heat produced by all kinds of domestic and industrial appliances, and use it to accomplish other useful work.

Basically, the material will exploit the benefits of thermo-electric effect.

The thermo- electric effect involves the process by which heat is transformed to electrical energy.

It is a nanomaterial compound synthesised from Silver, Antimony and Tellurium.

A crystalline solid, it has free electrons that help in conduction of electricity but its lattices (arrangement of atoms) are rather inflexible, and vibrate quite slowly thereby inhibiting the propagation of heat. Thus, it is a good conductor of electricity but a bad conductor of heat, a property important for Thermo-electric effect.

Hence statement 1 is incorrect.

There are a variety of potential applications.

Industrial processes and power plants, along with all kinds of domestic appliances, produce ample amounts of waste heat that can be utilised to do significant amounts of work.

The heat from the laptop, for example, can be used to charge a mobile phone. Or, that from the phone can be used to charge a small watch.

#20. United Nations’ “Orange the World” campaign is related to which one of the following?

Explanation:

 

Orange The World is the UN’s campaign to raise awareness on gender- based violence.

Therefore the correct answer is D.

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